In an attempt to revive old literary studies of mine, I've divided a paper I wrote comparing two of Julio Cortázar's stories into two separate. Apocalypse at Solentiname. Show all authors. Julio Cortázar · Julio Cortázar · See all articles by this author. Search Google Scholar for this author., Nick Caistor. Complete summary of Julio Cortazar's Apocalypse at Solentiname. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Apocalypse at Solentiname. ( Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition). print Print; document PDF.
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"Grafitti," [sic] "Apocalipsis de Solentiname" y "Recortes de prensa"). Los cuatro manifiestan las caracteristicas usuales del estilo cortazariano, por ejemplo la. Apocalipsis de Solentiname - Cortázar - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. New Readings Julio Cortázar Carlos J. Alonso, Enrique Pupo-Walker auempt to study the reflections of this structural situation in "Apocalipsis de Solentiname.
I went to see them in the aquarium at the Jardin des Plantes and stayed for hours watching them, observing their immobility, their faint movements.
80WSE Gallery Presents ‘The Dream of Solentiname’
Now I am an axolotl. They have no difficulty in moving with the same freedom and ease in both. This unbiased approach is in itself a profession of faith.
The unstated assumption declares that the fantastic level is just as real or unreal, from a realist standpoint as the realist level. If one of them produces in us a surreal 14 Jaime Alazraki or fantastic feeling, it is because in our daily lives we follow logical notions similar to those that govern the realist mode.
The neofantastic writer, on the other hand, ignores these distinctions and approaches both levels with the same sense of reality. But there is nothing fragile in the texture of any of his stories. Quite the contrary.
He also believes that with this change he moves to a new stage in his development as a writer. Fantasy for its own sake had stopped interesting me. By then I was fully aware of the dangerous perfection of the storyteller who reaches a certain level of achievement and stays on that same level forever, without moving on. I was a bit sick and tired of seeing how well my stories turned out.
And looking at myself meant looking at my neighbor, at man. Hopscotch traces the mandala through which the characters of the stories are constantly journeying.
Hopscotch seeks to understand those forces, and as such it represents the intellectual bow from which the stories were shot. His tales were fantastic responses to those problems and questions which occupied his mind at the time and which eventually found a masterful formulation in Hopscotch.
In the hand, in the newspaper, in time, in the air: everything full of holes, everything spongy, like a colander straining itself Nothing, a crack What is behind that door is a world that Johnny sees only on one occasion, through his music, but whose substance one glimpses throughout the narrative.
A good example is the biography of Johnny written by Bruno: very well informed, very complete, very successful, but with one omission— the biographee. But Bruno, In this sense, Hopscotch is a devastating criticism of rationalism How does one get there? These seemingly preposterous situations impress us as a absurd because they run against the grain of our accepted order, which for Oliveira has become absurdity at its Toward the Last Square of the Hopscotch 19 best.
For him, reason contains a sophism as huge as the world it has created, and logic leads to a gargantuan and catastrophic nowhere. And although Hopscotch presents no answers, no prescriptions for guaranteed salvation it offers a possibility of reconciliation.
Ovejero and Ferraguto, Hence psychology is no longer the yardstick. What replaces psychology as the criterion to measure human behavior? The notions of time and space as traditionally accepted are no longer the ordinate and the abscissa which frame and regulate life. In 62 the action takes place in Paris, London and Vienna, but the characters move and act in these different cities as if they were one single space referred to as la ciudad the city.
But they ignore the rules of the game they play. That past becomes present, and the present in which the characters reside sends them back to that legendary past, in which context one begins to understand in part the patterns that shape their destiny. In form, the novel is built with the precision and cleverness of a clockwork. In this sense, the overture is like a cocoon which already holds the full length of the thread the text patiently and skillfully unwinds. His next and latest novel so far, Libro de Manuel, is an effort to show that a writer can undertake to deal with the social problems of his time without turning into a puppeteer whose script has been set beforehand as an adaptation of political slogans and ideological platitudes.
And again the answer is neither simple nor clear-cut. In Hopscotch Horacio ponders the dilemma and its double-edged nature: Besides, what was the true morality of action?
Happy were those who lived and slept in history There was no objection to that action as such, but he pushed it aside with doubts about his personal conduct. False action is almost always the most spectacular, the kind that tears down respect, prestige, and whequestrian wheffigies. Thus his political search becomes an act of assertion of his freedom and of Toward the Last Square of the Hopscotch 23 his personal realization.
The road leading to this ultimate goal is a tortuous and agonizing one, since in the long run any genuine social struggle implies the suppression or assimilation of personal struggles, or at least their postponement, to the cause one is engaged in. Say, an exquisite author? A Japanese poet known only to you? I take everything with me wherever I go. You want to have the pie and eat it too, right? De Sola, p.
James E. Harss, p. See Caillois, op. Simms, tr. Borges, p. Subsequent quotations are taken from this edition. Caillois, p.
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One could say that the fantastic which they contain comes from archetypal regions which in one way or another we all share, and that in the act of reading these stories the reader witnesses or discovers something of himself. Blow-Up and Other Stories, pp.
Subsequent quotations are from this edition. My design, at once broad and reductive, is to deal with the somewhat dated and embarrassing problem of how to read an author, not a book. And if it is worth attempting such a reading, how does one avoid turning it into a thematic gloss, a formalistic reduction or a biographical narrative? And what can one make of a text as bizarre as Los reyes?
Cortázar en Solentiname
Our works are written; that imposes upon them certain constraints of meaning that the oral myth could not know. For if there is a modern mythology of writing, it centers on the question of authorship versus general determination—a question, in other words, of the origin or generation of writing.
While current and certainly modern, the abolition of the author is not new. This pure and nameless voice, the mere acoustic carrier of the verse, is the voice of the poet who has learned to extricate himself from the surrounding man. The urgency of this question of origins—in its double thrust: language, being— determines that most salient characteristic of modern writing, selfreferentiality. By alluding to itself and by probing into its own mode of being, modern wasting is always in the process of offering an implicit statement about its own generation, a conception of its conception, as it were.
But it is precisely in self-referentiality that the mythology which I intend to isolate manifests itself. Who writes? The very appeal to classical mythology, to the dawn of Western literary tradition, is suggestive of a concern about the beginning of writing. If the versions of the myth of Theseus offer, simultaneously, the promise of uniqueness and multiplicity, of singularity and plurality, so do the many readings of which the particular incident of the Minotaur has been the object.
According to this reading the Theseus myth would mark the birth of reason. Moralistic interpretations also abound in the form of allegories, particularly in the Middle Ages.
A creature half bull and half man is the image of man driven by his lower instincts, imprisoned in the materiality of his senses, unable to exercise his spiritual and intellectual powers.
His victory would thus mark the birth of morals.
A political reading is also possible and common. It might be remembered here that Theseus not only defeats Minos, but also, though inadvertently like Oedipus, kills his own father Aegeus by forgetting to change the sails. The chapel was the spiritual and political center of Solentiname and was restored by Agudelo in He presented a first version of this architectural installation at the Bienal de Nicaragua.
The installation includes a video slide show of the process of renovation of the chapel, as well as posters designed by his father depicting the spirit of the revolution.
This will also feature the Panamanian photographer Sandra Eleta. In the s, Eleta struck up a friendship with Cardenal and traveled to Solentiname a number of times, creating a visual testimony of the community.
Accompanied by writer Gloria Guardia, Eleta began the first comprehensive documentation of Solentiname in The work of photographer Susan Meiselas — documenting the insurrection in Nicaragua and resulting in the book Nicaragua: June — July — was widely disseminated throughout international news outlets during the 70s and 80s.
Meiselas traveled to Nicaragua not for the sole purpose of documenting the war, but to capture the lived experience of the Nicaraguan people residing in a war-torn country.
Meiselas returned to Nicaragua ten years after the Sandinista revolution to revisit the people and places she had previously captured, resulting in her film project, Pictures From a Revolution, which allowed her to reconnect with the subjects of her photographs. Meiselas has an interest in re-contextualizing her work; she often uses other photographs and materials in conjunction with her own, creating installations that continually re-examine historical and personal narratives.
The exhibition explores this radical period within Nicaragua, as well as the relevance of these ideas today. Intervention in Central America, which resulted in a network of artists and cultural workers coming together to organize a program of exhibitions and benefits in order to raise awareness and funds for the popular revolutions in Latin America. Timeline: A Chronicle of U.
Intervention in Central and Latin America was first presented in at P. The original Timeline featured a mix of historical and contemporary artworks, artifacts, and documentary materials to illustrate the tumultuous relationship between the U.I went to see them in the aquarium at the Jardin des Plantes and stayed for hours watching them, observing their immobility, their faint movements.
His tales were fantastic responses to those problems and questions which occupied his mind at the time and which eventually found a masterful formulation in Hopscotch. Mary E. Like the two gladiators and the lovers, the two stories have a common end that abolishes their difference and returns the text to the indifferentiation of origins—all texts the text.
A boy he photographed appears with a bullet in his head, shot by an officer and faced with other men with machine guns.